The catastrophic earthquake of 7.6 magnitude on 25 April, 2015, followed by hundreds of aftershocks impacted lives of over eight million (approx) people across Nepal. Thirty-one of the country’s 75 districts have been affected, out of which 14 were declared ‘crisis-hit’ for the purpose of prioritizing rescue and relief operation; and another 17 neighbouring districts were partially affected as per the Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) report. Concerned Indian agencies, including the Indian National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Indian Air Force and Indian Army Medical Corps were the first foreign contingents to land in Kathmandu within hours of the disaster to help launch relief operation.
Post earthquake, mammoth tasks for reconstruction, infrastructure development and revival of local economy has emerged. To this end, as close neighbours marked with a unique relationship of friendship and cooperation characterized by open borders and deep-rooted people-to-people contacts of kinship and culture, the Government of India announced a new economic package of US $ 1 bn during the International Conference on Nepal’s Reconstruction held on 25 June, 2015 in Kathmandu to help support the Government of Nepal in its reconstruction efforts. The GoI’s economic package compromised of 25%grant and 75% LoC aimed to support reconstructions works in the areas of Housing, Road and Transports, Health, Education, Cultural Heritage sites Power and Disaster Risk Management.